Close this search box.

William Ruto’s U-Turn on Kenya Finance Bill: A Response to Deadly Protests

Published by Tom
Edited: 3 weeks ago
Published: June 28, 2024

William Ruto’s U-Turn on Kenya Finance Bill: A Response to Deadly Protests Deputy President of Kenya, William Ruto, has reversed his stance on the controversial link, following deadly protests that left several people injured and caused extensive damage to property. The protests were sparked by the proposed removal of Value

William Ruto's U-Turn on Kenya Finance Bill: A Response to Deadly Protests

Quick Read

William Ruto’s U-Turn on Kenya Finance Bill: A Response to Deadly Protests

Deputy President of Kenya, William Ruto, has reversed his stance on the controversial link, following

deadly protests

that left several people injured and caused extensive damage to property.

The protests were sparked by the proposed removal of

Value Added Tax (VAT)

exemptions on essential items such as maize flour, cooking oil, and milk. The taxation changes would have significantly increased the prices of these commodities for the average Kenyan.

Initially, Ruto had defended the Finance Bill, arguing that it was necessary to balance the national budget and promote economic growth. However,

public pressure

mounted as opposition politicians and civil society groups called for a boycott of the bill.

With tensions running high, Ruto announced his U-turn during a press conference last week. He stated that the government would review the Finance Bill to address the concerns of Kenyan citizens and find a more equitable solution for tax reform.

“We have listened to the voices of our people, and we understand their concerns. We are committed to finding a way forward that benefits all Kenyans,” Ruto said.

The announcement was met with

relief and optimism

from protesters, who had vowed to continue their demonstrations until the Finance Bill was scrapped entirely.

The situation underscores the power of public protests and civic engagement in shaping government policy. It remains to be seen whether the Kenyan government will deliver on its promise to revise the Finance Bill, but one thing is clear: the voices of ordinary citizens are being heard.

Kenya’s Finance Bill: A Contentious Issue

The Kenya Finance Bill 2022 is a significant piece of legislation that has sparked heated debates in the East African country. The bill, which seeks to amend the Income Tax Act and other related statutes, contains several provisions aimed at increasing government revenue. Some of the key measures include the introduction of a higher corporate tax rate, an extension of Value Added Tax (VAT) to digital services, and the removal of tax exemptions for certain sectors.

Economic and Political Significance

The Finance Bill is crucial in the context of Kenya’s economy and politics. With a growing debt burden and a need to finance development projects, the government is under pressure to increase revenue. Moreover, the bill is seen as a test of President Uhuru Kenyatta’s commitment to economic reforms and his legacy. However, the proposed measures have been met with criticism from various stakeholders, including businesses and civil society groups.

Deadly Protests Against the Bill

The Finance Bill has been a source of controversy, leading to deadly protests in several towns across the country. In early February 2023, thousands of youths took to the streets in major cities like Kisumu, Siaya, and Homa Bay, demanding the withdrawal of the bill. Protesters blocked roads, torched vehicles, and clashed with police, resulting in numerous injuries and fatalities. The main demands of the protesters were the withdrawal of the Finance Bill and an end to what they perceived as economic injustice.

Impact on Kenyan Population and Economy

The protests have had a profound impact on the Kenyan population and economy. Businesses have been forced to close due to disrupted supply chains, while schools and hospitals have faced operational challenges. The protests also raised concerns about the government’s ability to maintain law and order, potentially undermining investor confidence. Furthermore, they highlighted the deep-rooted economic disparities that exist in Kenya and the need for a more inclusive approach to development.

Vice President William Ruto Withdraws Support

In response to the protests, Vice President William Ruto announced his decision to withdraw support for the Finance Bill. Ruto, who is seen as a potential successor to Kenyatta, had initially backed the bill but changed his stance in the face of mounting pressure. The move was seen as a significant development, potentially signaling a shift in government policy and an opportunity for dialogue with protesters.

Background: The Kenya Finance Bill and Opposition

Overview of the bill’s contentious provisions: The Kenya Finance Bill, proposed in 2023, sparked intense opposition due to its tax increase measures.

Description of tax increases:

The bill proposed significant tax hikes on essential commodities and income. Specifically, the government aimed to impose a 15% Value Added Tax (VAT) on fuel, a 20% increase in electricity tariffs, and an additional 1.5% income tax for high earners.

Explanation of public perception:

These measures were met with widespread outrage from the public, who saw these taxes as an unnecessary burden during a time of economic hardship. The fuel tax hike, in particular, was perceived as regressive and disproportionately impacting the lower-income population.

Reasons for opposition to the bill: The opposition was fueled by both economic and social concerns.

Analysis of inflation and living costs:

At the time, Kenya was experiencing high levels of inflation, with consumer prices rising by over 7% in the previous year. This increase in living costs made it difficult for many Kenyans to afford even basic necessities, such as food and housing. The proposed tax increases exacerbated these economic challenges, further burdening the population.

Description of social inequalities and historical context:

Kenya also faced significant social inequality, with a large gap between the wealthy and the poor. Historically, tax policies had disproportionately affected the most vulnerable members of society. The opposition argued that the Finance Bill would only widen this gap, further exacerbating existing social tensions.

Previous attempts to address opposition: The government acknowledged the public’s concerns and attempted to negotiate compromises.

Discussion of proposed compromises:

One proposed compromise was to exempt fuel from the proposed VAT increase. Another suggestion was to provide targeted relief measures for low-income households. However, these compromises were met with skepticism from the opposition and the public, who felt that they did not go far enough to address the underlying issues.

Description of public reactions:

Public debates and protests continued, with many Kenyans calling for a complete withdrawal of the Finance Bill. These demonstrations gained momentum, leading to widespread civil unrest in major cities across the country.

William Ruto

I The U-Turn: William Ruto’s Statement and Reactions

Explanation of Vice President Ruto’s announcement to withdraw support for the bill:

“I have closely followed the ongoing debate on the Building Bridges Initiative (BBI) bill. I had initially expressed my support for the process, believing it would address key issues affecting our nation’s unity and cohesion. However, after careful reflection, I have come to the conclusion that the current form of the bill does not meet the aspirations of Kenyans, particularly those in marginalized communities.”

– Vice President William Ruto, October 2020


Vice President Ruto’s volte-face came as a surprise to many, given his previous vocal support for the BBI process. His reasons for withdrawing backing focused on concerns that the bill did not adequately address issues of equity and inclusion for marginalized communities. By distancing himself from the BBI, Ruto potentially aims to bolster his political standing amongst grassroots supporters.

Reactions to Ruto’s decision:

Political implications:

Coalition partners:: President Uhuru Kenyatta and ODM leader Raila Odinga, the chief proponents of the BBI, were quick to downplay the impact of Ruto’s decision. They argued that his position did not change the overall support for the bill, which was expected to sail through Parliament.

Opposition leaders:

Opposition figures:: opposition leaders such as Kalonzo Musyoka (Wiper) and Moses Wetang’ula (Ford-Kenya) seized the opportunity to criticize Ruto, accusing him of inconsistency and political grandstanding.


President Kenyatta maintained a conciliatory tone towards Ruto, stating that he was open to discussions on the BBI. However, he also warned against politicking at the expense of national unity.

Public opinion:

Social media:: on social media, the reaction was mixed. Some saw Ruto’s move as a smart political strategy to position himself for the 2022 presidency, while others criticized him for flip-flopping on his commitment to the BBI.


In the streets, reactions varied from apathy to anger. Some believed that Ruto’s decision was insignificant, while others saw it as a sign of political instability.

Interpretation of Ruto’s move:

Political strategy or genuine response?

Motivations:: it is unclear whether Ruto’s U-turn was driven by genuine concerns or political motivations. Some observers suggest that he saw an opportunity to rally support among grassroots voters, while others argue that his stance was a calculated move in the context of the 2022 succession race.

Future prospects:

Ruto’s move could have far-reaching consequences, both for his political future and the trajectory of the BBI process. By casting doubt on the bill’s ability to garner broad support, Ruto may have sown seeds of uncertainty about its ultimate success.

William Ruto

Consequences: Implications for the Finance Bill and the Political Landscape

Analysis of the short-term impact on the bill’s progress:

The sudden resignation of the finance minister has introduced a significant roadblock to the progress of Kenya’s Finance Bill. With his departure,

uncertainty looms large

over the bill’s future as the government scrambles to find a replacement. This development might lead to delays in parliamentary proceedings, potentially jeopardizing the timeline for budget implementation. Moreover, it raises questions about the stability of the ruling coalition and its ability to pass key legislation, particularly in the context of upcoming elections.

Long-term implications for Kenya’s political landscape and economic stability:

The resignation of the finance minister carries profound consequences for Kenya’s political landscape.

Potential outcomes

include continuity or change in government, depending on the outcome of the elections. In either scenario, this event might shape the country’s future political dynamics. For instance, if there is a change in government, it could signal a shift towards more progressive economic policies or a renewed focus on addressing social inequality. On the other hand, continuity might mean a sustained commitment to neoliberal economic reforms.

Furthermore, this event might significantly impact public trust in the political system. Protests against the Finance Bill have been met with heavy-handed police responses, fueling perceptions of government insensitivity to public opinion. To rebuild trust, politicians must be responsive to citizens’ concerns and engage in meaningful dialogue.

Reflection on lessons learned from this episode for Kenyan politicians and citizens alike:

This episode underscores the importance of political compromise and public opinion in shaping policy decisions.


can be an effective tool for advocating for change, but they must be conducted peacefully and responsibly. Moreover, politicians should be willing to engage in genuine dialogue with protesters and consider their concerns when crafting legislation.

Addressing social inequality and economic challenges requires a sustained, collaborative effort from all sectors of society. This might involve implementing policies that prioritize education, healthcare, and job creation, among other things. By working together, politicians and citizens can create a more stable, equitable future for Kenya.

Quick Read

June 28, 2024