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Unraveling the Gold Market: A Comprehensive Elliott Wave Analysis of XAU/USD [Video]

Published by Elley
Edited: 4 weeks ago
Published: June 22, 2024

Unraveling the Gold Market: A Comprehensive Elliott Wave Analysis of XAU/USD Gold, the precious metal with a long history as a store of value and hedge against inflation, has been intriguing investors and traders alike with its recent price movements. The XAU/USD pair, representing the value of gold measured against

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Unraveling the Gold Market: A Comprehensive Elliott Wave Analysis of XAU/USD

Gold, the precious metal with a long history as a store of value and hedge against inflation, has been


investors and traders alike with its recent price movements. The XAU/USD pair, representing the value of gold measured against the US Dollar, has seen significant volatility, making it an ideal candidate for a detailed technical analysis using the renowned

Elliott Wave Principle

. In this comprehensive analysis, we will delve into the waves shaping the gold market’s price action and decipher potential future trends.


First, let us briefly recap the Elliott Wave Principle. Developed by Ralph Elliott in the 1930s, this theory posits that financial markets move in predictable patterns of five waves (or three waves) up and three waves down. These waves form distinct structures with specific characteristics, allowing traders to anticipate price movements based on market behavior.

Gold Price Analysis

Now, let us examine the XAU/USD price chart with an Elliott Wave perspective. From the 2015 bottom, the gold market displayed a five-wave advance, labeled as Wave [I]. This wave structure consisted of Wave (i), (ii), (iii), (iv), and (v) waves. The subsequent price correction, labeled as Wave [II], brought a significant decline in the form of three waves down: Wave (a), (b), and (c).

Wave [III]

Following the Wave [II] correction, a powerful fifth wave, labeled as Wave [III], started to unfold. Wave (i) of this wave structure commenced in early 2019, and it was a strong, impulsive move higher. However, after reaching the peak at approximately $1445 around mid-June 2019, XAU/USD began a pullback in Wave (ii). This correction presented an opportunity for buyers to enter the market.

Wave [IV]

After a substantial correction, the gold market started a recovery in Wave (iii) of Wave [III], which brought the price back up to the 1.618 extension level of Wave (i). The next wave, labeled as Wave (iv), was a relatively shallow pullback in comparison to the previous correction. This decline created an opportunity for traders to accumulate positions before the final advance of Wave (v) in this sequence.

Wave [V]

As of now, the XAU/USD is in the fifth and final wave of Wave [III], which can be identified as a five-wave structure. The first three waves, labeled (i), (ii), and (iii), have already taken place. A strong fourth wave correction has recently occurred, allowing a potential final fifth wave to develop further. Upon completion of Wave [III], XAU/USD is expected to experience a substantial correction as part of the larger Wave [IV].

In conclusion, understanding the Elliott Wave structure in gold’s price action can help investors and traders anticipate future trends. The current wave count suggests that we are still within the larger five-wave advance from the 2015 lows. As market conditions evolve, staying informed about these waves and their potential implications is vital for making informed decisions in the gold market.

Understanding Gold Price Movements through Technical Analysis and Elliott Wave Theory

I. Introduction

Gold, a precious metal known for its luster and malleability, has held an essential role in various capacities throughout history. From being used as currency and a store of value to adorning jewelry, it continues to maintain its significance in the global economies. With increasing market volatility and economic uncertainty, understanding gold price movements through technical analysis becomes crucial for investors. In this article, we delve into the application of Elliott Wave Theory to the XAU/USD market.

Gold Market and Its Significance to Global Economies

Gold, known as a “safe haven” asset, often sees increased demand during times of economic instability or market volatility. Its significance to global economies stems from its role as a hedge against inflation, a store of value, and an investment vehicle. Central banks hold large gold reserves, adding to its importance in the international monetary system.

Importance of Understanding Gold Price Movements

Understanding gold price movements is vital for investors seeking to capitalize on the metal’s trends and cycles. Technical analysis, a method of evaluating security price action based on historical data, can provide valuable insights into future gold price trends. By analyzing charts and trends, investors can make informed decisions based on the market’s current state and past behaviors.

Overview of Elliott Wave Theory

Ralph Elliott, an American stock market analyst, introduced the Elliott Wave Theory in the 1930s. This theory attempts to identify and predict price movements by categorizing market trends into five distinct waves (or patterns) followed by a corrective pattern. Applicable to various markets, including currencies like the XAU/USD pair, Elliott Wave Theory can provide valuable insights into gold price trends by identifying patterns and potential shifts in market sentiment.

E. Elliott Wave Theory and XAU/USD Market

By applying the Elliott Wave Theory to the XAU/USD market, investors can potentially predict gold price trends and identify opportunities for investment. The theory’s application involves identifying wave patterns within the gold market data, which can provide insights into current trends and potential shifts in investor sentiment.

Unraveling the Gold Market: A Comprehensive Elliott Wave Analysis of XAU/USD [Video]

Background on Gold Price Movements (0:15-0:45)

Over the past few years, gold prices have exhibited notable trends that are essential to understand for investors. From late 2015 to early 2016, the precious metal underwent a significant correction, dropping from its peak price of approximately $1,377 per ounce to around $1,050. This decline can be attributed to several factors, including a strengthening US dollar and rising interest rates. Fast forward to 2019, and gold experienced another surge, reaching an almost seven-year high of $1,557 per ounce in September. This rebound can be linked to a combination of inflationary concerns, increasing geopolitical tensions, and the Federal Reserve’s decision to maintain a more accommodative monetary policy.

Inflationary Concerns

One of the primary drivers behind gold’s price movements is inflation. As the cost of goods and services rises, investors often look for safe-haven assets like gold to protect their purchasing power. Conversely, when inflation remains low or even declines, the demand for gold tends to wane. In recent years, global inflation rates have fluctuated significantly, causing uncertainty among investors and influencing gold prices accordingly.

Interest Rates

Another critical factor impacting the price of gold is interest rates. When interest rates rise, the opportunity cost of holding non-yielding assets like gold increases. As a result, investors may shift their funds towards yielding securities, causing a decrease in gold prices. On the other hand, when interest rates fall, holding gold becomes more attractive due to its lack of yield and safe-haven status.

Geopolitical Events

Geopolitical events have also played a significant role in shaping gold prices over the past few years. Tensions between major world powers, such as the United States and China, or regional conflicts like those in Syria and Ukraine, have led investors to seek refuge in gold as a hedge against potential market instability. Furthermore, central banks’ actions, such as quantitative easing or changes in monetary policy, can impact gold prices by altering the global economic landscape and investor sentiment.

Current Market Sentiment towards Gold

As of now, the market sentiment towards gold remains bullish due to several factors, including ongoing geopolitical tensions, concerns over global economic uncertainty, and expectations of lower interest rates. However, it is essential for investors to remain vigilant and closely monitor these drivers, as they can quickly shift, leading to significant price fluctuations in the gold market.

Unraveling the Gold Market: A Comprehensive Elliott Wave Analysis of XAU/USD [Video]

I Elliott Wave Basics (0:45-1:30)

The Elliott Wave Principle, named after its developer R.N. Elliott (1874-1944), is an influential technical analysis method for predicting price movements in financial markets, including gold. Elliott identified several patterns that recur frequently in market data and classified these patterns into five essential waves.

Introduction to the Elliott Wave Principle

Elliott’s groundbreaking work involved the study of crowd psychology and market behavior. He believed that financial markets moved in predictable patterns, driven by collective investor sentiment. The Elliott Wave Principle is based on the idea that market trends are made up of distinct five-wave structures (an “impulse wave”) followed by three-wave corrective structures (“corrective waves”).

The Developer: R.N. Elliott

Ralph Nelson Elliott, an accountant by trade, spent much of his life observing and analyzing the stock market. He published his findings in 1935 in a book entitled “The Wave Principle.” In it, he outlined his ideas about wave patterns and their importance in financial markets. Elliott’s work has since been adopted by traders and analysts around the world, inspiring numerous studies and modifications.

Five Essential Waves

Elliott identified five distinct waves within an impulse wave: Wave 1, Wave 2, Wave 3, Wave 4, and Wave 5. Wave 1 is the initial trending wave in the direction of the primary trend. Wave 2 represents a correction to Wave 1, while Wave 3 is an aggressive extension of Wave Wave 4 is a corrective wave that retests the level of Wave 2 before Wave 5, which completes the impulse wave.

Applying Elliott Wave to Financial Markets: Gold

The Elliott Wave Principle can be applied to various financial markets, including precious metals like gold. By analyzing historical price data and identifying the pattern of waves, traders can make predictions about future price movements. For instance, an uptrend in gold might be interpreted as a five-wave impulse wave, with Wave 1 being the first significant move upwards. This understanding of the market structure can provide valuable insights for investors seeking to capitalize on trends or counter-trend moves.

E. Importance of Fibonacci Levels in Elliott Wave Analysis

Fibonacci levels play a significant role in Elliott Wave analysis, as they help identify key support and resistance levels. These levels are derived from the Fibonacci sequence—a series of numbers in which each number is the sum of the two preceding numbers (e.g., 0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13). In the context of Elliott Wave analysis, Fibonacci levels are used to measure potential targets and retracements in waves. For example, during a corrective wave (Wave 2 or Wave 4), a potential target might be the 38.2% retracement level, while during an impulse wave, the 100% extension can provide significant insight into potential price objectives.

XAU/USD Elliott Wave Analysis (1:30-4:00)

From the XAU/USD chart between 1:30 and 4:00, we can apply the Elliott Wave principles for a more in-depth analysis. Let’s label each wave and discuss their structures and significance in determining the trend direction.

Wave (i)

Wave (i), shown in bold, is typically the first wave in an Elliott Wave sequence. This wave moves in the direction of the primary trend. In our case, we observe a strong upward movement from around 1:40 to approximately 2:15, indicating the start of a bullish trend.

Wave (ii)

Wave (ii), the correction wave, is generally a counter-trend move. In our XAU/USD chart, we identify this correction taking place between around 2:15 and 3:00. This wave corrects a portion of the gains made during Wave (i), but ultimately, it fails to break below the trendline or the previous low, signifying that the bullish trend remains intact.

Wave (iii)

Wave (iii), the most powerful wave, usually surpasses the height of Wave (i). This wave can be observed between around 3:05 and 4:00 in our XAU/USD chart. The magnitude of this upward movement indicates that the bullish trend is expected to continue, with potentially even stronger price increases.

Potential Wave (iv) Corrections

It’s essential to consider potential wave corrections within the context of an Elliott Wave analysis. The wave (iv) correction can test the previous swing high but should not break below the wave (ii) low to maintain a bullish trend. Based on our chart analysis, this correction may target around the 1450-1470 level and last for about 2-3 days.

External Factors

Though the Elliott Wave analysis provides valuable insights, it’s essential to consider external factors that could influence the gold market’s progression. These can include geopolitical events, economic indicators, and interest rate decisions. A strong correlation with these factors may cause price movements that could impact the Elliott Wave structure.

Confirmation of XAU/USD’s Elliott Wave Pattern (4:00-5:30)

At the appointed time, our focus returns to the XAU/USD pair as we delve deeper into its Elliott Wave structure. With a near-completed fifth wave in sight, it’s essential to confirm this analysis with other technical indicators.

Supporting Indicators:

The Relative Strength Index (RSI) shows a steady decline from an overbought level, suggesting the current correction is part of a larger uptrend. Moreover, the Moving Average Convergence Divergence (MACD) histogram displays a bearish crossover, further emphasizing the potential for a corrective pullback.

Contradictory Indicators:

Despite this bullish outlook, the Stochastic Oscillator doesn’t support our interpretation. The oscillator is yet to produce a bearish cross or enter oversold territory, which could imply that the correction may not be complete.


Divergences between price and indicators can provide crucial insight into the wave structure. For instance, if the price continues to make new highs while the RSI fails to reach a new high or even starts to decline, it could suggest that the fifth wave has already peaked and we’re seeing a corrective pullback.

Confirming or conflicting news events:

Market developments and news can significantly impact the Elliott Wave analysis. A strong economic report, for example, could fuel a bullish sentiment, pushing the price higher despite an indicator suggesting a correction. Conversely, if there’s negative news regarding inflation or geopolitical tensions, it could lead to a sell-off and validate the bearish interpretation.

Further Insight:

In conclusion, combining Elliott Wave analysis with other technical indicators and being aware of potential divergences can significantly enhance your understanding of market trends. By staying informed about both the price action and indicator behavior, you’ll be better equipped to make well-informed trading decisions.
Unraveling the Gold Market: A Comprehensive Elliott Wave Analysis of XAU/USD [Video]

VI. Risks and Limitations of Elliott Wave Analysis (5:30-6:00)

Elliott Wave analysis is a powerful and popular tool for forecasting financial market trends. However, it’s important to acknowledge the potential limitations and inaccuracies associated with this method. The Elliott Wave principle relies on identifying patterns of five or three waves in the direction of the trend and three waves against the trend. While this theory has been successful for some traders, there are several risks and challenges that come with relying solely on Elliott Wave analysis.

Subjectivity and Interpretation

One of the biggest limitations of Elliott Wave analysis is its subjective nature. The interpretation of wave patterns can vary greatly among traders, and there is no definitive way to determine the correct count. The Elliott Wave principle allows for multiple interpretations, which can lead to confusion and conflicting opinions.

Lack of Objective Verification

Another limitation is the lack of objective verification. There are no definitive rules for identifying Elliott Wave patterns, and traders must rely on their subjective interpretation. This makes it difficult to test the accuracy of the analysis, as there is no clear benchmark against which to compare.

Market Volatility and Complexity

Elliott Wave analysis can also be challenging in volatile and complex markets. The waves can overlap, making it difficult to determine the correct count. In addition, sudden market moves can disrupt wave patterns, making it difficult to maintain an accurate analysis.

Supplementing Elliott Wave Analysis with Other Tools

To mitigate the risks and limitations of Elliott Wave analysis, it’s important to supplement this method with other technical indicators and fundamental analysis.

Technical Indicators

Technical indicators can provide objective data to help confirm or contradict Elliott Wave analysis. For example, trend lines and moving averages can help identify the direction of the trend and potential support and resistance levels.

Fundamental Analysis

Fundamental analysis can provide additional context and insight into market movements. By analyzing economic data, company earnings, and other relevant information, traders can gain a better understanding of the underlying drivers of market trends.


While Elliott Wave analysis can be a valuable tool for forecasting financial market trends, it’s important to recognize its limitations and potential inaccuracies. By supplementing Elliott Wave analysis with other technical indicators and fundamental analysis, traders can increase the accuracy and reliability of their analysis.

Unraveling the Gold Market: A Comprehensive Elliott Wave Analysis of XAU/USD [Video]

Conclusion (6:00-End)

As we approach the end of our analysis, let’s take a moment to recap the current state and future prospects of the gold market based on our Elliott Wave interpretation. We’ve seen a clear five-wave advance from the December 2015 lows, followed by a corrective decline in three waves – indicating that a potential larger degree wave (IV) correction has occurred. With the recent bounce off the January lows, we’re now observing a potential fifth wave up, which could lead to new highs above the previous all-time record.

Implications for Traders and Investors

With this information in mind, traders and investors can begin to formulate strategies regarding their gold exposure. Those who believe the wave count is correct may be looking to add long positions at this point, or consider scaling in over the coming days or weeks. Conversely, those with existing long positions may look to lock in profits as new highs are reached.

Continuous Monitoring and Adaptation

It’s essential to remember that markets are not static entities, but rather complex, dynamic systems. Even if our Elliott Wave analysis turns out to be correct, it’s crucial to continuously monitor the gold market and adapt strategies as new developments unfold. This could include changes in fundamental or technical factors, unexpected geopolitical events, or shifts in investor sentiment.

Stay Informed and Be Prepared

In conclusion, while our Elliott Wave analysis provides valuable insight into the current state and potential future prospects of the gold market, it’s essential to remain informed about all relevant factors. By combining technical, fundamental, and sentiment analysis with a solid understanding of market trends and macroeconomic conditions, traders and investors can make informed decisions regarding their gold exposure. As always, it’s crucial to be prepared for unexpected turns and adapt strategies accordingly.

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June 22, 2024