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Pakistan’s Economic Revival: Can Friends and Allies Provide the Much-Needed Investment Dollars?

Published by Jerry
Edited: 1 month ago
Published: June 18, 2024

Pakistan’s Economic Revival: Can Friends and Allies Provide the Much-Needed Investment Dollars? Pakistan, a country situated at the crossroads of South Asia and Central Asia, has been going through an economic slump for several years now. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has projected that the country’s economy will grow by

Pakistan's Economic Revival: Can Friends and Allies Provide the Much-Needed Investment Dollars?

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Pakistan’s Economic Revival: Can Friends and Allies Provide the Much-Needed Investment Dollars?

Pakistan, a country situated at the crossroads of South Asia and Central Asia, has been going through an economic slump for several years now. The

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

has projected that the country’s economy will grow by only 1.5% in the fiscal year 2020-2This

slow growth

rate is a cause of concern for the Pakistani government, which is seeking to revive its economy and bring about

sustainable growth

. The country’s economic woes are not new, but the current situation is particularly challenging due to the

global economic downturn

caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.

The Pakistani government has been making efforts to attract foreign investment to boost its economy. It has announced several

investment-friendly policies

, such as tax incentives and streamlined business registration processes. However, despite these efforts, the country has not been able to attract significant foreign investment. The

lack of investor confidence

is a major hurdle, and the country’s political instability and security concerns are not helping matters.

Against this backdrop, Pakistan is looking to its

friends and allies

for support. The country has traditionally had close ties with China, which has been a major investor in Pakistan’s infrastructure projects under its

Belt and Road Initiative

. However, China cannot be relied upon to provide all the investment dollars Pakistan needs. The country is also looking to other traditional allies like the United States and Saudi Arabia for investment opportunities.

The United States, which has had a complex relationship with Pakistan over the years, is seen as a potential investor in the country’s energy sector. The

shale gas revolution

in the United States has led to a surplus of natural gas, which Pakistan could use to generate electricity. This would not only help Pakistan reduce its reliance on imported oil but also provide an opportunity for American investment in the country.

Saudi Arabia, another traditional ally of Pakistan, is also being looked at as a potential investor. The Saudi Arabian Public Investment Fund (PIF) has shown interest in investing in Pakistan’s infrastructure projects, particularly in the energy sector. This could provide a much-needed boost to Pakistan’s economy and help it get back on the path to sustainable growth.



Pakistan’s economy currently stands at a crossroads, with numerous challenges that need to be addressed for sustainable growth. The country’s real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) grew by a modest 1.9% in FY20, lagging behind its neighbors like India and Bangladesh. This present state of the economy is a result of various factors, including political instability, energy shortages, and structural issues. It’s important to note that Pakistan has previously attempted economic revival strategies, such as the Extended Fund Facility (EFF) with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), but the desired outcomes have yet to be fully realized.

Overview of Pakistan’s Economic Situation

In recent years, Pakistan has faced a series of economic setbacks. A vicious cycle of low growth, high inflation, and large fiscal deficits has persisted, leading to a decline in foreign exchange reserves and an increase in external debt. Moreover, the country’s energy sector remains a significant bottleneck, with chronic power shortages impacting industrial productivity and overall economic performance. Additionally, structural issues in areas like agriculture, industry, and services continue to hinder growth.

The Importance of Foreign Investment for Pakistan’s Economic Growth

Given the challenges facing Pakistan’s economy, attracting and retaining foreign investment is crucial for achieving sustainable growth. Foreign investment can contribute in various ways, such as providing capital inflows, enhancing technological capabilities, creating employment opportunities, and promoting export-led growth. However, attracting foreign investment is not an easy task, as Pakistan continues to face challenges like political instability, security concerns, and regulatory hurdles. To address these challenges, the Pakistani government has been taking steps to improve the investment climate, including policy reforms, infrastructure development, and engagement with international financial institutions.

Economic Challenges Facing Pakistan

High Inflation Rate

Pakistan’s economy has been grappling with a persistently high inflation rate, which continues to pose significant challenges for its citizens and businesses. The double-digit inflation erodes the purchasing power of individuals, forcing them to spend more on essential commodities and services. Businesses, on the other hand, face increased production costs, making their products less competitive in the market. The root causes of this issue include excessive fiscal deficits, a large public sector, and structural issues within the economy. To mitigate the impact of inflation, monetary policy adjustments and fiscal measures are necessary to stabilize prices and ensure sustainable economic growth.

Low Foreign Exchange Reserves

Foreign exchange reserves in Pakistan have been dwindling, posing significant implications for the country’s trade and import policies. With limited reserves, Pakistan struggles to meet its international obligations, leading to a potential balance of payments crisis. This situation makes it challenging for the country to import essential commodities, including oil, which could lead to further economic instability. In the long term, addressing this challenge requires a comprehensive approach that includes structural economic reforms, attracting foreign investment, and diversifying export markets.

Energy Crisis

Energy scarcity is another major challenge facing Pakistan, with widespread implications for industries and daily life. The energy crisis stems from inadequate power generation capacity, resulting in frequent load shedding and blackouts. This situation not only adversely affects the productivity of industries but also causes significant hardships for households, particularly during peak demand periods. To overcome this challenge, the government and private sector are making efforts to expand power generation capacity through various means, including renewable energy sources, and improving efficiency in existing power plants.

Impact on industries

The energy crisis significantly affects the competitiveness of industries, making it difficult for them to sustain production levels and meet export targets. The inconsistent power supply forces many factories to rely on expensive backup generators, which adds to their operating costs.

Impact on daily life

The energy crisis also takes a toll on daily life, with frequent power outages leaving households in the dark and affecting essential services like water supply and communication. The situation is particularly challenging during extreme weather conditions, making it necessary for families to rely on expensive alternatives, such as backup generators or fuel-based cooking stoves.

Efforts to overcome the energy shortage

To address the energy crisis, the government and private sector are taking various steps, including:

  • Expanding power generation capacity through large-scale hydroelectric projects and renewable energy sources like wind and solar power.
  • Improving the efficiency of existing power plants by investing in modern technologies and implementing best practices.
  • Encouraging energy conservation through public awareness campaigns, subsidies for energy-efficient appliances, and the promotion of energy efficiency in industries.


I Pakistan’s Diplomatic Push for Foreign Investment

Pakistan has been making significant diplomatic efforts to attract foreign investment into the country. The government, led by Prime Minister Imran Khan, has taken several initiatives to showcase Pakistan’s economic potential to the world.

Government initiatives and diplomatic missions

Investment conferences and roadshows: The Pakistani government has organized several investment conferences and roadshows in various countries to attract potential investors. These events provide a platform for the government to showcase Pakistan’s investment opportunities, economic reforms, and business-friendly policies.

Meetings with potential investors: Pakistani delegations have held numerous meetings with potential investors, both in Pakistan and abroad, to discuss investment opportunities and address their concerns. These interactions have helped build trust and confidence among foreign investors.

Bilateral talks with allies and partners: Pakistan has held bilateral talks with its allies and partners to discuss economic cooperation, trade, and investment. These discussions have resulted in several commitments from foreign countries to invest in Pakistan’s infrastructure and other sectors.

International response and commitments

China’s Belt and Road Initiative: China has been one of Pakistan’s most significant allies and investors, with the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) being a flagship project under China’s Belt and Road Initiative. CPEC has brought significant investment in Pakistan’s infrastructure, energy, and transportation sectors.

Saudi Arabia’s pledge to invest in Pakistan’s infrastructure: In February 2019, Saudi Arabia announced its intention to invest $6 billion in Pakistan’s infrastructure projects. This investment is expected to create jobs and boost economic growth in the country.

United States and European Union’s stance on investment: The United States and the European Union have expressed their willingness to engage with Pakistan on economic issues, but they have also raised concerns about the country’s business environment, corruption, and human rights situation.

Progress and challenges in attracting foreign investment

Success stories (if any)

Several multinational corporations have already invested in Pakistan, including Unilever, Procter & Gamble, and Coca-Cola. These investments have created jobs and contributed to economic growth. However, the overall volume of foreign investment remains low compared to other emerging markets.

Barriers to entry for foreign investors

Pakistan faces several challenges in attracting foreign investment, including a complex regulatory environment, bureaucratic red tape, and a lack of transparency. The country also needs to address issues related to energy shortages, security concerns, and political instability to create a favorable investment climate.

Case Studies: Countries that Have Successfully Attracted Foreign Investment

Chile’s Economic Transformation

Chile, once considered one of the poorest countries in the world, has undergone an impressive economic transformation over the past few decades. Factors contributing to this success include a stable political environment, sound macroeconomic policies, and an open economy. Chile’s government implemented a series of free market reforms in the late 1970s, which attracted significant foreign investment. The country’s abundant natural resources, such as copper, minerals, and timber, made it an attractive destination for multinational corporations.

Lessons for Pakistan

The experience of Chile

provides valuable lessons for countries like Pakistan that are seeking to attract more foreign investment. First, a stable political environment is crucial for attracting and retaining investors. Second, implementing sound macroeconomic policies, such as controlling inflation and maintaining a stable currency, can help build confidence among foreign investors. Lastly, an open economy with a favorable business climate is essential for attracting and retaining investment.

Malaysia’s Experience with Foreign Investment

Malaysia, another Southeast Asian country, has also been successful in attracting foreign investment. Key policies and initiatives that contributed to this success include the establishment of free trade zones, tax incentives for foreign investors, and a skilled workforce. Malaysia’s strategic location, rich natural resources, and large domestic market made it an attractive destination for multinational corporations.

Results and Impact on the Economy

The results of Malaysia’s efforts

have been impressive. Foreign investment has contributed significantly to the country’s economic growth, creating jobs and increasing exports. The manufacturing sector, in particular, has benefited from foreign investment, with companies such as Proton, Petronas, and Siemens setting up operations in Malaysia.



Pakistan, despite having rich resources and a strategic location, has been facing

economic challenges

for several decades. With an unemployment rate of over 6%, a low literacy rate, and an inflation rate that hovers around 10%, the country is in dire need of foreign investment to revive its ailing economy. The diplomatic efforts by the Pakistan government to attract foreign investors have shown some progress, with China investing heavily in infrastructure projects under its Belt and Road Initiative. However, the country’s

political instability



, and

poor governance

continue to deter potential investors.

A comprehensive and sustainable economic strategy

is essential for Pakistan to attract and retain foreign investment.

The strategy should focus on improving the business environment, reducing corruption, strengthening governance, investing in human capital, and promoting industrialization. Investment in

education and healthcare

, for instance, would help produce a skilled workforce, making Pakistan an attractive destination for multinational companies. Infrastructure development, particularly in the energy sector, would make Pakistan more competitive and attractive to foreign investors.

The implications

of successful foreign investment for Pakistan’s future

are immense. The country could see an increase in employment opportunities, reduced poverty, and improved infrastructure. However, if foreign investment fails to materialize, Pakistan risks falling further behind economically, leading to more instability and potential social unrest. Therefore, it is crucial for the Pakistani government to implement a comprehensive economic strategy that addresses the underlying issues hindering foreign investment and sets the country on a path towards sustainable growth.

Quick Read

June 18, 2024