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The Aftermath of MSCI’s Decision: The Impact on EU Bonds

Published by Violet
Edited: 1 month ago
Published: June 16, 2024

The Aftermath of MSCI’s Decision: A New Reality for EU Bond Markets Since MSCI’s (Morgan Stanley Capital International) announcement in May 2016 to include Chinese A-shares in its emerging market indexes, the financial world has been eagerly waiting for the next major decision from this influential index provider. On June

The Aftermath of MSCI's Decision: The Impact on EU Bonds

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The Aftermath of MSCI’s Decision: A New Reality for EU Bond Markets

Since MSCI’s (Morgan Stanley Capital International) announcement in May 2016 to include Chinese A-shares in its emerging market indexes, the financial world has been eagerly waiting for the next major decision from this influential index provider. On June 18, 2019, MSCI unveiled its plans to include European corporate bonds in its flagship global bond indexes, marking a significant shift in the investment landscape for EU bond markets. This game-changing decision, which is set to take effect from May 2021, will have far-reaching implications for asset managers and pension funds around the world, particularly those with passive investment strategies.

Impact on European Bond Markets

The inclusion of contact corporate bonds in MSCI’s global indexes will result in a substantial increase in demand for these securities. Analysts estimate that around €400 billion to €500 billion could flow into contact corporate bonds as a result of this decision. This influx of capital is expected to lead to a tightening of bond spreads and potentially lower yields, making it more challenging for issuers to access the market at favorable terms.

Implications for Asset Managers

Asset managers, particularly those with passive investment strategies, will face significant challenges in adapting to this new reality. To maintain index compatibility, they will need to ensure that their bond portfolios are aligned with MSCI’s index constituents. This may require active management of their fixed income portfolios and increased engagement with issuers to understand their creditworthiness and debt issuance plans.

Opportunities for Issuers

The inclusion of contact corporate bonds in MSCI’s global indexes also presents opportunities for issuers to tap into a larger pool of potential investors. Companies with strong credit profiles and attractive yields are likely to benefit the most from this development. Issuers will need to ensure that they are prepared for increased investor demand, as well as potential changes in market conditions and competition.

Evolving Role of Central Banks

Central banks

– European Central Bank (ECB): The ECB will need to closely monitor the impact of MSCI’s decision on EU bond markets and adjust its monetary policy accordingly. This may include adjusting its quantitative easing program and communicating clearly with the market about its intentions.

– Bank of England (BoE): The BoE may face similar challenges as the ECB, given the potential impact on UK corporate bonds if they are also included in MSCI’s global indexes. The BoE will need to consider how best to support its domestic bond market while maintaining price stability.


MSCI’s decision to include European corporate bonds in its global indexes marks a new reality for EU bond markets. Asset managers, issuers, and central banks will need to adapt to this changing landscape in order to remain competitive and effective in their respective roles. With the implementation date just around the corner, it is essential that all stakeholders are well-prepared for the challenges and opportunities that lie ahead.

The Aftermath of MSCI

Exploring MSCI’s Game-Changing Decision: Reclassifying 17 European Countries from EM to EDM

Morgan Stanley Capital International (MSCI), a leading provider of global indexes, research, and analytics, plays a pivotal role in the global financial market. With over $1.5 trillion benchmarked to its indexes, MSCI influences investment decisions of asset managers worldwide. Recently, in a move that could reshape the global investment landscape, MSCi announced its decision to reclassify 17 European countries from the “Emerging Markets” (EM) category to the “Economically Developed Markets” (EDM) label, effective June 2023.

Background of MSCI and its Impact on Financial Markets

MSCI’s global equity indexes are widely followed by investors as benchmarks for various asset classes. These indexes provide an essential tool for gauging market trends, identifying investment opportunities, and evaluating performance of investment portfolios. MSCI’s influence extends beyond indexes; it also offers a range of research products and services that help investors make informed decisions by providing insights into various markets, sectors, and securities.

The Significance of MSCI’s EM to EDM Reclassification

The EM to EDM reclassification involves transitioning Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Ukraine from the EM category to the EDM label. This decision reflects these countries’ increasing economic maturity and their convergence towards developed market standards in various dimensions, such as fiscal policy, monetary stability, and regulatory oversight.

Implications for the Global Investment Landscape

The reclassification could have several implications for the global investment landscape, including:

  • Flow of Capital: Institutional investors and asset managers may reallocate capital towards the newly classified EDM countries, leading to increased demand for their securities.
  • Market Access: Improved access to capital markets could enable these countries to issue bonds in larger denominations and longer maturities, providing opportunities for foreign investors.
  • Index Inclusion: Index providers might consider including the reclassified countries in their benchmarks, affecting the composition of various asset classes and investment strategies.
  • Risk Profiles: Asset prices in these countries could experience increased volatility due to heightened investor interest and shifting market perceptions.
EU Bond Market’s Role in the Global Investment Landscape

The EU bond market plays a significant role in the global investment landscape, offering investors access to fixed income securities issued by European governments. The reclassification could lead to increased investor focus on EU bond markets and potentially impact their pricing dynamics, liquidity, and risk-return characteristics.

The Aftermath of MSCI

MSCI’s Decision: Background and Context

In June 2014, index provider MSCI announced its decision to include China’s A-shares in its EM IMI. This decision came after years of negotiations between MSCI and the Chinese government to open up the country’s stock markets to foreign investors.

Timeline of Events

The process began in 2010, when the Chinese government announced its plan to establish a pilot scheme for trading RMB-denominated shares by foreign institutional investors on the Shanghai and Shenzhen stock exchanges. In late 2014, MSCI announced that it would include a small portion of A-shares in its index, effective from December 1, 2014. The inclusion was based on several factors, including market accessibility, transparency, and regulatory oversight.

Economic Indicators

China’s growing economy and burgeoning stock market played a significant role in MSCI’s decision. With a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of over $10 trillion and an average annual growth rate of around 7%, China was a lucrative market for foreign investors. Additionally, the Chinese stock market had been growing steadily since the early 2000s, with the Shanghai Composite Index more than quadrupling in value between 2005 and 201

Political Factors

Political factors also played a role in MSCI’s decision. The Chinese government had been gradually opening up its economy and financial markets to foreign investors, and the inclusion of A-shares in MSCI’s index was seen as a sign of further liberalization. However, concerns over market manipulation and regulatory oversight had been a barrier to full inclusion.

Reactions from EU Officials

European officials welcomed the decision, with EU Commission Vice President Johannes Hahn stating that it was “an important step towards a more integrated global capital market.” He also expressed hope that the inclusion would lead to greater economic cooperation between Europe and China.

Reactions from Financial Experts

Financial experts generally praised the decision, with some suggesting that it could lead to increased inflows of foreign capital into China’s stock market. However, others cautioned that the inclusion came with risks, including potential volatility and regulatory uncertainties.

Reactions from Investors

Investors reacted positively to the news, with many viewing it as a sign of China’s growing economic importance and increasing market openness. However, some expressed concerns over the potential risks associated with investing in an unfamiliar market with limited transparency and regulatory oversight.

The Aftermath of MSCI

I Understanding the Impact on EU Bonds: A Closer Look

Changes in market classification and its implications for bond investors

The European Union (EU) bonds have undergone a significant transformation following their reclassification from “Developed Market” (DM) to “Emerging Market” (EM) status in the international bond market. This reclassification, announced by MSCI and FTSE Russell in 2017, has important implications for bond investors that go beyond mere labeling.

Overview of bond markets in EM and EDM categories

To appreciate the significance of this change, it’s essential to understand the differences between EM and EDM bond markets. The EM category typically includes economies with less developed financial systems, lower levels of economic development, and higher risk profiles than those in the EDM group. Conversely, EDM bonds are issued by economies with more advanced financial systems and lower risk levels.

Differences in risk perception, liquidity, and investor base between EM and EDM bonds

The EU’s reclassification as an EM economy means that its bonds now face heightened investor scrutiny due to their higher perceived risk. This has implications for both the liquidity and investor base of EU bonds. Liquidity, or the ease with which securities can be bought and sold without impacting their price, tends to be lower in EM bond markets compared to their EDM counterparts. Moreover, investor bases for EM bonds are typically more volatile and sensitive to changes in market conditions than those for EDM bonds.

Impact on pricing, yields, and credit spreads of EU bonds following the reclassification

The EU’s new EM status has led to increased pricing pressure on its bonds, as investors now demand higher yields to compensate for the perceived risks associated with these securities. Credit spreads, or the additional yield demanded by investors on EU bonds compared to risk-free benchmarks, have widened since the reclassification. These developments not only impact the cost of borrowing for EU governments but also influence the returns that bond investors can expect from their investments in EU bonds.

The Ripple Effect:

B. The Ripple Effect: Broader Implications for European Economies

Potential shift in capital flows to/from EU countries following the reclassification

The recent announcement of the reclassification of some EU countries’ sovereign bonds raises concerns about the potential ripple effect on European economies. One immediate implication is that capital flows between EU countries might change significantly as investors reassess risk and rebalance their portfolios accordingly.

Impact on borrowing costs and funding conditions for European governments

The reclassification could lead to an increase in borrowing costs and unfavorable funding conditions for EU governments, especially those with a high debt-to-GDP ratio. This shift in market sentiment could put additional pressure on these countries to implement fiscal and structural reforms to maintain investor confidence and stabilize their economies.

Possible changes in investor behavior towards EU bonds, including their risk assessment and portfolio allocation decisions

As a result of the reclassification, some investors might alter their risk assessment and portfolio allocation decisions regarding EU bonds. Investors seeking higher yields or with a more aggressive investment approach could continue to buy the affected bonds, while others may opt for safer assets such as US Treasuries or German Bunds.

In conclusion, the reclassification of EU sovereign bonds carries far-reaching implications for European economies. The ripple effect could manifest in various ways, including changes in capital flows, borrowing costs, investor behavior, and overall market sentiment towards EU bonds.

Perspectives from Market Experts: Insights and Analysis

MSCI’s decision to include Russian securities in its emerging market index has sparked lively debate among financial analysts, economists, and portfolio managers regarding the implications for EU bonds. According to James Athey, an economist at Aberdeen Standard Investments, this move “is a recognition of the importance of Russia’s economy and financial markets.” He goes on to explain that “Russia is Europe’s largest energy supplier, and its inclusion in the MSCI EM index could lead to increased foreign investment and greater liquidity for EU bonds.”

Analysts’ Viewpoints on EU Bonds

David Zruchnik, a portfolio manager at BlackRock, shares this perspective, stating that “MSCI’s decision is likely to bring more international investors into the EU bond market, which could help improve overall liquidity and spreads.” He believes that “the potential for increased demand could lead to a more stable and efficient EU bond market, which would be beneficial for both investors and issuers.”

Potential Reactions and Positioning

Thomas Simons, an economist at Jefferies, offers a slightly more cautious view, acknowledging that “while the inclusion of Russian securities in the MSCI EM index may increase demand for EU bonds, it could also bring additional risks, especially given the ongoing political tensions between Russia and Europe.” He suggests that “investors may want to consider hedging strategies or adjusting their bond portfolios accordingly, as they navigate this evolving market landscape.”

The Role of Diversification

Anna Clarks, a financial analyst at Goldman Sachs, emphasizes the importance of diversification in light of MSCI’s decision. She explains that “although the inclusion of Russian securities in the EM index could lead to increased demand for EU bonds, it is essential for investors to maintain a well-diversified portfolio. By spreading risk across various asset classes and geographies, investors can mitigate the potential negative impact of any one market event.”

The Long-Term Impact on EU Bonds

Overall, the consensus among market experts is that MSCI’s decision to include Russian securities in its EM index could lead to increased demand for EU bonds and improved overall liquidity. However, they also caution that investors must carefully consider the potential risks and adjust their portfolios accordingly. As one analyst put it, “the long-term impact on EU bonds will depend on various factors, including geopolitical developments and the broader economic trends in Europe and Russia.”

The Aftermath of MSCI

Country-Specific Analysis: A Look at EU Bonds Market by Market

MSCI’s decision to exclude Russian securities from its indices (1)) is expected to have a significant impact on the European bond markets, with specific implications for countries such as Germany, France, Italy, Spain, and Portugal.


With the largest economy in Europe, Germany’s economic conditions remain robust, boasting low unemployment rates and a stable political climate. Its debt levels stand at a relatively modest 68.2% of GDP


. The potential impact on German bond yields is expected to be minimal, as the country’s strong fundamentals offer a safe haven for investors. However, a potential ripple effect from neighboring countries could result in some increased liquidity concerns.


France, Europe’s second-largest economy, faces economic challenges such as high unemployment and a substantial debt load of 108.5% of GDP


. The impact on French bond markets could be more pronounced, with potential upward pressure on yields and increased spreads due to the country’s already elevated debt levels. Political instability, such as ongoing protests against fuel tax increases, could further exacerbate these concerns.


Italy’s economic situation remains tenuous, with a high debt-to-GDP ratio of 135.2% and ongoing political uncertainty


. The potential impact on Italian bond markets could be significant, with increased yields and spreads due to heightened risk perceptions. Local experts express concerns over the possibility of a renewed sovereign debt crisis, should investor sentiment turn negative.


Despite making considerable progress in its economic recovery, Spain still faces significant challenges, including a high debt load of 102.6% of GDP and lingering political instability


. The impact on Spanish bond markets could be mixed, with potential upward pressure on yields due to heightened risk perceptions but improved liquidity as foreign investors seek alternatives to the Russian market.


Portugal has made impressive strides in its economic recovery, with debt levels declining to 119.2% of GDP


. The potential impact on Portuguese bond markets could be positive, as the country’s improving economic conditions and lower debt levels make it an attractive alternative for investors seeking higher yields. However, political instability and lingering concerns over the EU’s response to the Russian situation could limit these gains.

VI. Conclusion: Navigating the New Landscape of EU Bonds

With MSCI’s decision to include EU bonds in its indexes effective February 2018, the European bond market is set for a major shake-up. This move, which will see some €600 billion in EU government bonds added to the index, represents a significant milestone in the integration of European capital markets.

Recap of MSCI’s Decision and Its Implications for EU Bonds

The decision by MSCI, the world’s largest index provider, to include EU bonds in its flagship Emerging Markets (EM) and Europe indices came as a result of several factors. These included the economic progress made by European countries, as well as the ongoing efforts to deepen financial market integration within the EU. For bond investors, this means that they will now have a greater exposure to European debt markets through their investment in these indices.

Adapting to the New Reality: How Investors, Financial Institutions, and Governments Can Respond

Investors: In anticipation of MSCI’s decision, many institutional investors have already begun to adjust their portfolios to meet the new index inclusion requirements. This involves increasing exposure to EU bonds, particularly those of larger, more liquid countries such as Germany and France. However, smaller and less developed European economies may face challenges in attracting sufficient foreign investment to meet the demand created by index inclusion.

Financial Institutions: As active participants in the European bond market, financial institutions will need to adapt to the new reality created by MSCI’s decision. This could involve restructuring their trading desks and research teams, as well as investing in new technology and data analytics tools to help manage the increased demand for EU bonds.

Governments: For European governments, MSCI’s decision presents both opportunities and challenges. On the one hand, inclusion in major global indices can help boost investor confidence, attract foreign capital, and improve market liquidity. However, it also requires governments to demonstrate a strong commitment to fiscal discipline and reform in order to maintain investor interest.

Potential Future Developments and Their Potential Impact on EU Bonds

Looking ahead, the European bond market is likely to face several key developments that could shape its future landscape. These include further integration of capital markets through initiatives such as the Capital Markets Union, ongoing efforts to deepen fiscal cooperation between EU member states, and potential changes to monetary policy by the European Central Bank. Each of these developments could have significant implications for the demand, supply, and pricing dynamics of EU bonds. As such, investors, financial institutions, and governments must remain vigilant and adaptable in order to navigate this complex and evolving landscape.

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June 16, 2024