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OECD Digital Economic Outlook 2024: A Look into the Future of Digital Transformation in OECD Countries

Published by Violet
Edited: 1 month ago
Published: June 16, 2024

“OECD Digital Economic Outlook 2024: A Look into the Future of Digital Transformation in OECD Countries” is a comprehensive report that sheds light on the latest digital developments and future prospects for Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) member countries. This landmark publication from the OECD provides invaluable insights

OECD Digital Economic Outlook 2024: A Look into the Future of Digital Transformation in OECD Countries

Quick Read

“OECD Digital Economic Outlook 2024: A Look into the Future of Digital Transformation in OECD Countries” is a comprehensive report that sheds light on the latest digital developments and future prospects for Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) member countries. This

landmark publication

from the OECD provides invaluable insights into how digital technologies are transforming economies and societies, driving innovation, productivity growth, and economic prosperity. The report covers a wide range of topics, including

digitalization trends


digital policy initiatives

, and

digital challenges and opportunities

that OECD countries are facing as they navigate the digital economy landscape.

In the context of the ever-evolving digital economy, understanding the key drivers and impacts of digital transformation is essential for policymakers, businesses, and individuals alike. The OECD Digital Economic Outlook 2024 delves into the most pressing issues and emerging trends, such as

Artificial Intelligence (AI) and automation


Internet of Things (IoT)


digital platforms and services

, and

data-driven business models

. The report offers valuable recommendations on how to leverage these technologies to maximize their benefits while mitigating the risks.

Furthermore, the report highlights the role of digital policies in shaping the future of the digital economy. It examines various policy areas, including

digital skills and education




internet governance


data protection and privacy

, and

competition and consumer protection

. The report provides policy recommendations to help governments foster a digital environment that supports innovation, growth, and inclusivity.

Ultimately, the OECD Digital Economic Outlook 2024 serves as a crucial resource for anyone interested in the digital economy and its implications for OECD countries. By offering insights into the latest trends, challenges, and opportunities, this report helps stakeholders make informed decisions and prepare for the future of digital transformation.

I. Introduction



, an international organisation established in 1961, is dedicated to promoting economic cooperation among its member countries. With a membership of over 37 industrialised and emerging economies, the OECD plays a significant role in

shaping economic policies

and fostering sustainable growth. In today’s rapidly evolving economy, there is a growing recognition of the importance of digital transformation. Digital technologies are disrupting industries, transforming business models, and reshaping economies.

Brief overview of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)

The OECD provides a platform for member countries to collaborate, share experiences, and develop evidence-based policies. Its work covers a wide range of areas, including economic policy, education, environment, employment, and innovation.

Importance of digital transformation in today’s economy

Digital transformation is a key driver of productivity and economic growth. It enables businesses to reach new markets, streamline operations, and improve customer experiences. In today’s data-driven economy, businesses that embrace digital technologies are more likely to thrive and compete effectively.

Purpose and significance of the OECD Digital Economic Outlook 2024 report

The OECD Digital Economic Outlook 2024 report is an important contribution to the ongoing conversation about digital transformation. This annual report provides insight into the latest trends, challenges, and opportunities in the digital economy. It offers policy recommendations and best practices for governments and businesses to harness the full potential of digital technologies and build a more inclusive, prosperous future.

Global Digital Landscape in 2024

Overview of the global digital economy in 2024

In just a few short years, the global digital economy is projected to undergo significant growth. According to recent estimates, the digital Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is expected to reach approximately $100 trillion, representing a staggering 50% of the world’s total GDP (source: World Economic Forum). In terms of e-commerce sales, it is anticipated that they will surpass $10 trillion annually, with mobile commerce accounting for over 50% of the total (source: Statista).

Key trends shaping the global digital economy:

The global digital economy in 2024 will be characterized by several key trends. Among these are the continued rise of artificial intelligence (AI), which is expected to transform industries from manufacturing and finance to healthcare and education. In addition, big data analytics will continue to play a critical role in driving decision-making processes for businesses, while the Internet of Things (IoT) will enable new levels of automation and connectivity.

Impact of digitalization on various industries and sectors:


: The manufacturing sector will undergo a digital transformation, with the widespread adoption of AI and robotics leading to increased efficiency and productivity. 3D printing technology will become mainstream, enabling on-demand production and reducing lead times.


: The finance industry will be revolutionized by digitalization, with the rise of fintech startups disrupting traditional banking models. Blockchain technology will become increasingly prevalent, providing secure and transparent transactions.


: The retail sector will continue to be shaped by e-commerce, with the integration of augmented reality and virtual reality technologies providing immersive shopping experiences. Delivery drones and autonomous vehicles will optimize last-mile delivery.


: The healthcare industry will be transformed by digitalization, with the adoption of telemedicine and AI-driven diagnostics enabling remote consultations and personalized treatment plans. Wearable technology will enable real-time health monitoring and early detection of diseases.

5. Education

: The education sector will undergo a significant shift, with the adoption of digital learning tools and platforms enabling personalized and flexible learning experiences. Virtual and augmented reality technologies will provide immersive educational environments, while AI-driven assessments will enable accurate and timely feedback for students.

OECD Digital Economic Outlook 2024: A Look into the Future of Digital Transformation in OECD Countries

I Digital Transformation in OECD Countries:
Current State and Future Prospects

Overview of the current state of digital transformation in OECD countries

  1. Digital adoption rates and broadband penetration: According to the link, more than three-quarters of the OECD population were internet users in 2020, with significant variations among countries. Broadband penetration also varies greatly, with some countries having over 95% coverage while others lag behind 60%.
  2. E-government services and digital public services: OECD countries have made significant progress in digitizing government services. The European Digital Single Market Scoreboard 2021 ranks 37 countries on their digital public services delivery, with Nordic countries and Estonia leading the way.
  3. Digitalization of industries and sectors: Digital transformation is impacting various industries and sectors. In manufacturing, the share of digitalized businesses was 80% in 2019, while in finance, 95% of large firms were digital users. Retail sales online represented 17% of total retail sales in 2019, with considerable differences among countries. In healthcare, telemedicine and e-health services are growing rapidly, and in education, online learning platforms have seen increased usage.

Future prospects of digital transformation in OECD countries

  1. Opportunities and challenges for each country: The report highlights the opportunities and challenges that digital transformation presents for each OECD country, including their economic structures, demographic factors, and regulatory environments.
  2. Potential impact on economic growth, productivity, employment, and social well-being: The digital transformation is expected to contribute significantly to OECD countries’ economic growth, with estimates suggesting a potential increase in annual GDP growth by 0.8% to 1.5% per country. Productivity gains could be substantial, particularly in industries with high labor shares. Digital transformation may also change the nature of jobs and require new skills. On the social front, there are prospects for improved access to services, increased efficiency, and enhanced citizen engagement.
  3. Policies and initiatives to support digital transformation in OECD countries: The report recommends various policy actions, including investments in digital infrastructure, fostering a business-friendly regulatory environment, promoting skills development and lifelong learning, and ensuring that public services are digitally available, accessible, and usable.

OECD Digital Economic Outlook 2024: A Look into the Future of Digital Transformation in OECD Countries

Key Drivers of Digital Transformation in OECD Countries:
Opportunities and Challenges

Enablers of Digital Transformation:

  1. Technological advancements:, such as the Internet of Things (IoT), artificial intelligence (AI), and cloud computing, are driving digital transformation in OECD countries.
  2. Entrepreneurship: and the creation of new businesses are key drivers of digital transformation. Startups and small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are leading the way in adopting digital technologies.
  3. Innovation: and the ability to adapt to changing market conditions are essential for success in the digital economy.

The role of government policies and regulations:

Government policies and regulations play a crucial role in fostering a favorable environment for digital transformation. This includes promoting competition, ensuring access to digital infrastructure, and investing in research and development. For example, open data initiatives can spur innovation by making government data available to entrepreneurs and developers.

Barriers to Digital Transformation:

Despite the opportunities presented by digital transformation, there are also significant challenges that must be addressed.

Skills gaps:

One of the biggest challenges is the lack of digital skills among the workforce. This can limit the adoption of new technologies and hinder productivity growth.

Lack of digital infrastructure:

Another barrier to digital transformation is the lack of reliable and affordable digital infrastructure, particularly in rural areas and developing economies. This can limit the ability of businesses to adopt digital technologies and engage in e-commerce.

Cybersecurity concerns:

Finally, there are significant cybersecurity concerns associated with digital transformation. With more data being generated and transmitted online, there is an increased risk of cyberattacks and data breaches.

Strategies for Addressing these Challenges:

To address these challenges, OECD countries are implementing a range of strategies.

Education and training programs:

One approach is to invest in education and training programs to develop the digital skills of the workforce. This can include vocational training, coding bootcamps, and apprenticeships.

Public-private partnerships:

Another approach is to foster public-private partnerships to promote digital transformation. This can include collaborations between governments, businesses, and academic institutions to develop new technologies and applications.

International cooperation:

Finally, international cooperation is essential for addressing the challenges of digital transformation. This can include sharing best practices and resources, coordinating regulatory frameworks, and promoting cross-border data flows.

OECD Digital Economic Outlook 2024: A Look into the Future of Digital Transformation in OECD Countries

Case Studies: Success Stories of Digital Transformation in OECD Countries

Detailed analysis of a few successful case studies from OECD countries:

The following case studies illustrate how some OECD countries have effectively harnessed the power of digital technologies to transform their economies, societies, and public services. These examples highlight the key factors that contributed to their success stories:

The role of government policies and initiatives in driving digital transformation:

In South Korea, the government’s strategic investment in research, development, and infrastructure laid the foundation for its digital transformation. The country’s focus on education, innovation, and ICT adoption helped create a highly skilled workforce and advanced technological ecosystem that attracted global tech giants like Samsung and LG to invest and expand.

Collaboration between the public and private sectors:

In Estonia, the government’s partnership with private companies played a crucial role in their digital transformation. Estonia’s e-government initiatives, such as online voting and electronic ID cards, were developed in collaboration with local tech companies and international partners like Microsoft. This public-private collaboration has significantly improved the efficiency of public services, boosted economic growth, and attracted foreign investments.

Impact on economic growth, productivity, employment, and social well-being:

In Finland, the government’s focus on digital skills development and innovation has led to a highly productive workforce and a thriving tech ecosystem. The country’s investments in education, research, and entrepreneurship have contributed to its success as a global leader in digitalization. This transformation has not only driven economic growth but also improved employment opportunities and social well-being.

Lessons learned from these case studies that can be applied to other OECD countries:

These success stories offer valuable insights for other OECD countries looking to embark on their digital transformation journey. Some key lessons include:

The importance of government leadership and investment in digital infrastructure, education, and innovation
The value of collaboration between the public and private sectors to drive digital transformation
The need for a skilled workforce to adapt and thrive in the digital economy

By learning from these case studies, other OECD countries can tailor their approaches to their unique circumstances and accelerate their digital transformation process.

VI. Conclusion

In the OECD Digital Economic Outlook 2024 report, we have explored the digital transformation journey of OECD member states and the opportunities and challenges that come with it. Key Findings:

  • First,

    the report highlights the significant impact of digitalization on economic growth and productivity. Digitally advanced economies are projected to outperform their less digitally mature counterparts in terms of GDP growth.

  • Second,

    the report underlines the importance of digital skills and infrastructure for businesses and individuals to fully participate in the digital economy.

  • Third,

    the report emphasizes the need for governments to establish an enabling regulatory framework and invest in digital infrastructure.


The key findings of the report call for immediate action from all stakeholders in OECD countries.


must prioritize digital transformation as a key driver of economic growth and competitiveness. This includes investing in digital infrastructure, implementing policies to promote digital skills development, and fostering a business environment that encourages innovation and entrepreneurship.


must embrace digital transformation to stay competitive and grow. This means investing in digital technologies, developing digital skills among their workforce, and adapting to new business models.


must acquire the necessary digital skills to thrive in a digital economy. This includes developing basic digital literacy, advanced technical skills, and adaptability to new technologies and working environments.

Call to Action:

The digital transformation journey is not an easy one, but the opportunities it presents are too great to ignore. OECD member states must work together to capitalize on these opportunities and overcome the challenges.

International Cooperation:

International cooperation and knowledge sharing are crucial for successful digital transformation journeys. OECD member states can learn from each other’s successes and failures, and work together to develop best practices and policies.


In conclusion, the OECD Digital Economic Outlook 2024 report underscores the importance of digital transformation for economic growth and competitiveness in OECD countries. It also highlights the challenges and opportunities that come with this transformation. By working together, governments, businesses, and individuals can embrace digital transformation and create a more prosperous future for all.

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June 16, 2024